DxGridLayout Class

A Grid Layout component.

Namespace: DevExpress.Blazor

Assembly: DevExpress.Blazor.v21.2.dll

Declaration

public class DxGridLayout :
    DxControlComponent<DxGridLayout, GridLayoutJSInteropProxy>,
    IGridLayoutJSInteropProxyServer,
    IJSCallback,
    IModelWrapper<IGridLayoutModel>

Remarks

<DxGridLayout> allows you to arrange UI elements on a page. The component is based on a CSS Grid Layout: layout items are organized into rows and columns.

Grid Layout

Run Demo Watch Video

If you need to organize layout items in a one-dimensional stack, use the DxStackLayout component.

Add a Grid Layout to a Project

Follow the steps below to add the Grid Layout component to an application:

  1. Use a DevExpress Project Template to create a new Blazor Server or Blazor WebAssembly application. If you use a Microsoft project template or already have a Blazor project, configure your project to incorporate DevExpress Blazor components.
  2. Add the <DxGridLayout></DxGridLayout> markup to a Razor page.
  3. Create rows and columns.
  4. Arrange layout items in one of the following ways:

Create Rows and Columns

<DxGridLayout> defines rows and columns and then positions layout items within cells. A single item can span multiple rows or columns.

Follow the steps below to create rows and columns:

  1. Add <Rows>...</Rows> and <Columns>...</Columns> to the component’s markup to define the Rows and Columns collections.
  2. Add DxGridLayoutRow objects to the Rows collection. Use the Height property to specify the row height (auto, pixel, percentage, fr, etc.).
  3. Add DxGridLayoutColumn objects to the Columns collection. Use the Width property to specify the column width (auto, pixel, percentage, fr, etc.).

    Elements whose size is specified with the fr unit are arranged last, since they occupy the remaining space (this space is divided between these elements in proportion to the prefix number).

  4. Use RowSpacing and ColumnSpacing properties to specify the distance between rows and columns.

<DxGridLayout style="height:500px" ColumnSpacing="8px" RowSpacing="8px">
    <Rows>
        <DxGridLayoutRow Height="100px" /> @* the row's height equals 100 pixels *@
        <DxGridLayoutRow /> @* the row occupies the remaining space after two other rows are arranged *@
        <DxGridLayoutRow Height="auto"/> @* the row's height fits a content object. *@
    </Rows>
    <Columns>
        <DxGridLayoutColumn Width="2fr"/> @* the column occupies 2 parts of the remaining space 
                                             after the column with a percentage value is arranged*@
        <DxGridLayoutColumn Width="60%" /> @* the column occupies 60% of the grid layout's width*@
        <DxGridLayoutColumn /> @* the Width property's default value is 1fr, 
                                  the column occupies 1 part of the remaining space 
                                  after the row with percentage value is arranged *@
    </Columns>
</DxGridLayout>

Create and Arrange Items

Define the Items collection to create layout items. Then arrange the items in one of the following ways:

The sections below demonstrate how to create the same grid layout in these two ways.

Use Row and Column Indexes

You can use row and column indexes to specify how to position layout items. This approach is similar to line-based placement in CSS grid. We recommend that you use this approach to create static layouts.

Follow the steps:

  1. Add <Items>...</Items> to the component’s markup to define the Items collection.
  2. Add DxGridLayoutItem objects to the collection. Use the Template property to specify item content.
  3. Use the Row and Column item properties to specify the row and column where the item should be located.
  4. Use the RowSpan and ColumnSpan properties to specify how many rows and columns the item occupies.
<DxGridLayout style="height:500px" ColumnSpacing="8px" RowSpacing="8px">
    <Rows>
        <DxGridLayoutRow Height="100px" />
        <DxGridLayoutRow  />
        <DxGridLayoutRow Height="auto" />
    </Rows>
    <Columns>
        <DxGridLayoutColumn Width="2fr" />
        <DxGridLayoutColumn Width="60%"/>
        <DxGridLayoutColumn />
    </Columns>
    <Items>
        <DxGridLayoutItem Row="0" Column="0" ColumnSpan="3">
            <Template>
                <div class="gridlayout-header gridlayout-item">
                    Header
                </div>
            </Template>
        </DxGridLayoutItem>
        <DxGridLayoutItem Row="1" Column="1">
            <Template>
                <div class="gridlayout-content gridlayout-item">
                    Content
                </div>
            </Template>
        </DxGridLayoutItem>
        <DxGridLayoutItem Row="1" Column="0">
            <Template>
                <div class="gridlayout-left-side-bar gridlayout-item">
                    Left Bar
                </div>
            </Template>
        </DxGridLayoutItem>
        <DxGridLayoutItem Row="1" Column="2">
            <Template>
                <div class="gridlayout-right-side-bar gridlayout-item">
                    Right Bar
                </div>
            </Template>
        </DxGridLayoutItem>
        <DxGridLayoutItem Row="2" Column="0" ColumnSpan="3">
            <Template>
                <div class="gridlayout-footer gridlayout-item">
                    Footer
                </div>
            </Template>
        </DxGridLayoutItem>
    </Items>
</DxGridLayout>

Grid Layout

Run Demo: Grid Layout - Overview

Use Named Areas

You can assign area names to layout items and then specify how these areas are placed in the grid rows. This approach is similar to grid template areas in CSS grid. We recommend that you use this approach to create responsive layouts (refer to Adaptivity).

Follow the steps:

  1. Add <Items>...</Items> to the component’s markup to define the Items collection.
  2. Add DxGridLayoutItem objects to the collection. Use the Template property to specify item content.
  3. Use the Area property to assign an area name to each layout item.
  4. Use the DxGridLayoutRow.Areas property to place the areas in the rows. If you need to leave a grid cell empty, use a period character (.).
<DxGridLayout style="height:500px" ColumnSpacing="8px" RowSpacing="8px">
    <Rows>
        <DxGridLayoutRow Areas="header header header" Height="100px" />
        <DxGridLayoutRow Areas="left-bar content right-bar" />
        <DxGridLayoutRow Areas="footer footer footer" Height="auto" />
    </Rows>
    <Columns>
        <DxGridLayoutColumn Width="2fr" />
        <DxGridLayoutColumn Width="60%"/>
        <DxGridLayoutColumn />
    </Columns>
    <Items>
        <DxGridLayoutItem Area="header">
            <Template>
                <div class="gridlayout-header gridlayout-item">
                    Header
                </div>
            </Template>
        </DxGridLayoutItem>
        <DxGridLayoutItem Area="content">
            <Template>
                <div class="gridlayout-content gridlayout-item">
                    Content
                </div>
            </Template>
        </DxGridLayoutItem>
        <DxGridLayoutItem Area="left-bar">
            <Template>
                <div class="gridlayout-left-side-bar gridlayout-item">
                    Left Bar
                </div>
            </Template>
        </DxGridLayoutItem>
        <DxGridLayoutItem Area="right-bar">
            <Template>
                <div class="gridlayout-right-side-bar gridlayout-item">
                    Right Bar
                </div>
            </Template>
        </DxGridLayoutItem>
        <DxGridLayoutItem Area="footer">
            <Template>
                <div class="gridlayout-footer gridlayout-item">
                    Footer
                </div>
            </Template>
        </DxGridLayoutItem>
    </Items>
</DxGridLayout>

Grid Layout

Run Demo: Grid Layout - Areas

Watch Video

Adaptivity

You can use the DxLayoutBreakpoint component to adapt a grid layout to different screen sizes.

The code below does the following:

  • Creates an IsXSmallScreen data field.
  • Adds a DxGridLayout component, uses named areas to arrange items, and adapts the layout for different screen sizes depending on the IsXSmallScreen field value.
  • Adds a DxLayoutBreakpoint component. The DeviceSize property specifies the device size when the breakpoint should be activated. The IsActive property is bound to the IsXSmallScreen field. When the breakpoint is activated, the IsActive property and the bound IsXSmallScreen field equal true.
<DxLayoutBreakpoint DeviceSize="DeviceSize.XSmall" @bind-IsActive="@IsXSmallScreen" />

<DxGridLayout CssClass="h-100" ColumnSpacing="8px" RowSpacing="8px">
    <Rows>
        @if(isXSmallScreen) {
            <DxGridLayoutRow Areas="item1" />
            <DxGridLayoutRow Areas="item2" />
            <DxGridLayoutRow Areas="item3" />
            <DxGridLayoutRow Areas="item4" />
            <DxGridLayoutRow Areas="item5" />
            <DxGridLayoutRow Areas="item6" />
        } else {
            <DxGridLayoutRow Areas="item1 item3 item5" />
            <DxGridLayoutRow Areas="item1 item4 item5"/>
            <DxGridLayoutRow Areas="item2 item6 item6"/>
        }
    </Rows>
    <Columns>
        <DxGridLayoutColumn Width="2fr" />
        @if(!isXSmallScreen) {
            <DxGridLayoutColumn />
            <DxGridLayoutColumn />
        }
    </Columns>
    <Items>
        <DxGridLayoutItem Area="item1">
            <Template>
                <div class="gridlayout-header gridlayout-item">
                    Item 1
                </div>
            </Template>
        </DxGridLayoutItem>
        <DxGridLayoutItem Area="item2">
            <Template>
                <div class="gridlayout-content gridlayout-item">
                    Item 2
                </div>
            </Template>
        </DxGridLayoutItem>
        <DxGridLayoutItem Area="item3">
            <Template>
                <div class="gridlayout-left-side-bar gridlayout-item">
                    Item 3
                </div>
            </Template>
        </DxGridLayoutItem>
        <DxGridLayoutItem Area="item4">
            <Template>
                <div class="gridlayout-right-side-bar gridlayout-item">
                    Item 4
                </div>
            </Template>
        </DxGridLayoutItem>
        <DxGridLayoutItem Area="item5">
            <Template>
                <div class="gridlayout-footer gridlayout-item">
                    Item 5
                </div>
            </Template>
        </DxGridLayoutItem>
        <DxGridLayoutItem Area="item6">
            <Template>
                <div class="gridlayout-left-side-bar gridlayout-item">
                    Item 6
                </div>
            </Template>
        </DxGridLayoutItem>
    </Items>
</DxGridLayout>

@code {
    bool isXSmallScreen;
}

Adaptive Grid Layout

Run Demo: Grid Layout - Adaptivity

Watch Video

View Example: How to create an adaptive dashboard layout

Inheritance

Object
ComponentBase
DevExpress.Blazor.Base.DxAsyncDisposableComponent
DevExpress.Blazor.Base.DxDecoratedComponent
DxComponentBase
DxComponentBase<DevExpress.Blazor.Internal.JSInterop.GridLayoutJSInteropProxy>
DxControlComponent<DxGridLayout, DevExpress.Blazor.Internal.JSInterop.GridLayoutJSInteropProxy>
DxGridLayout
See Also