Lesson 2 - Display and Edit Data

  • 4 minutes to read

This tutorial demonstrates how to display and edit data within the GridControl. The tutorial is based on Lesson 1.

Create Columns

Add columns to the GridControl explicitly to access individual settings for each column.

Design Time

Invoke the GridControl's smart tag and click Generate Columns:

Runtime

Create the GridColumn objects and specify their ColumnBase.FieldName and ColumnBase.IsSmart properties:

<dxg:GridControl ItemsSource="{Binding Orders}">
    <dxg:GridControl.View>
        <dxg:TableView ShowTotalSummary="True"/>
    </dxg:GridControl.View>
    <dxg:GridColumn FieldName="OrderID" IsSmart="True"/>
    <dxg:GridColumn FieldName="CustomerID" IsSmart="True"/>
    <dxg:GridColumn FieldName="OrderDate" IsSmart="True"/>
    <dxg:GridColumn FieldName="ShipVia" IsSmart="True"/>
    <dxg:GridColumn FieldName="Freight" IsSmart="True"/>
    <dxg:GridColumn FieldName="ShipName" IsSmart="True"/>
    <dxg:GridColumn FieldName="ShipCity" IsSmart="True"/>
    <dxg:GridColumn FieldName="ShipCountry" IsSmart="True"/>
</dxg:GridControl>

Change Column Layout

Fit columns to the GridControl and set the optimal width for all columns to completely display their contents:

  1. Set the TableView.AutoWidth property to true to fit columns to the GridControl.
  2. Set the TableView.BestFitModeOnSourceChange property to VisibleRows to calculate the optimal width for all columns:

    <dxg:GridControl ItemsSource="{Binding Orders}">
        <dxg:GridControl.View>
            <dxg:TableView ShowTotalSummary="True" 
                           AutoWidth="True" 
                           BestFitModeOnSourceChange="VisibleRows"/>
        </dxg:GridControl.View>
        ...
    </dxg:GridControl>
    

Specify an In-Place Editor

The GridControl uses in-place editors to edit cell values. The editor's type depends on a column's content. The CheckEdit is used for Boolean values, the DateEdit - for dates, the TextEdit - for strings and numbers. You can also define a custom editor (for example, the ComboBoxEdit):

Add a Shippers collection to the ViewModel:

using DevExpress.Mvvm;
using System.Collections.ObjectModel;
using System.Data.Entity;

namespace WPFBlankAppWithDatabase {
    public class ViewModel : ViewModelBase {

        NorthwindEntities northwindDBContext;
        public ViewModel() {
            if (IsInDesignMode) {
                Orders = new ObservableCollection<Order>();
                Shippers = new ObservableCollection<Shipper>();
            } 
            else {
                northwindDBContext = new NorthwindEntities();

                northwindDBContext.Orders.Load();
                Orders = northwindDBContext.Orders.Local;

                northwindDBContext.Shippers.Load();
                Shippers = northwindDBContext.Shippers.Local;
            }
        }
        public ObservableCollection<Order> Orders {
            get => GetValue<ObservableCollection<Order>>();
            private set => SetValue(value);
        }
        public ObservableCollection<Shipper> Shippers {
            get => GetValue<ObservableCollection<Shipper>>();
            private set => SetValue(value);
        }
    }
}

Design Time

  1. Build the solution to make the Shippers collection visible in the column's smart tag menu.

  2. Invoke the Ship Via column's smart tag menu and select ComboBoxEditSettings:

  3. Set the Shippers collection as the ComboBoxEdit's ItemsSource:

  4. Set the DisplayMember property to CompanyName and the ValueMember property to ShipperID:

Runtime

  1. Add the xmlns:dxe="http://schemas.devexpress.com/winfx/2008/xaml/editors" namespace to the ThemedWindow.

  2. Create the ComboBoxEdit object and assign it to the Ship Via column's ColumnBase.EditSettings property.

  3. Specify the ItemsSource property to bind the ComboBoxEdit to data.

  4. Set the DisplayMember property to CompanyName and the ValueMember property to ShipperID:

    <dx:ThemedWindow
        ...
        xmlns:dxe="http://schemas.devexpress.com/winfx/2008/xaml/editors">
        ...
        <dxg:GridColumn FieldName="ShipVia" IsSmart="True">
            <dxg:GridColumn.EditSettings>
                <dxe:ComboBoxEditSettings ItemsSource="{Binding Shippers}" 
                                          DisplayMember="CompanyName" 
                                          ValueMember="ShipperID"/>
            </dxg:GridColumn.EditSettings>
        </dxg:GridColumn>
    

Format Values

You can configure how the GridControl displays data. The following example formats the Freight column's data:

Design Time

  1. Invoke the Freight column's smart tag menu and select TextEditSettings:

  2. Invoke the Mask Editor window.

  3. Select the Numeric mask type and choose the Currency mask.

  4. Check Use mask as DisplayFormat and click OK:

Runtime

  1. Create a TextEditSettings object and assign it to the Freight column's ColumnBase.EditSettings property.

  2. Specify the TextEditSettings.MaskType and TextEditSettings.Mask properties to set the in-placed editor's mask to Currency.

  3. Set the TextEditSettings.MaskUseAsDisplayFormat property to true:

    <dxg:GridColumn FieldName="Freight" IsSmart="True">
        <dxg:GridColumn.EditSettings>
            <dxe:TextEditSettings Mask="c" MaskType="Numeric"            
                                  MaskUseAsDisplayFormat="True"/>
        </dxg:GridColumn.EditSettings>
    </dxg:GridColumn>
    
See Also