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VCL Gantt Control

  • 4 minutes to read

The VCL Gantt Control is a project management tool that allows users to schedule activities related to project goals.

VCL Gantt Control

The control displays project tasks as horizontal bars whose start and finish points correspond to dates in the timescale. Users can create relationships between tasks with dependencies, manage resources, track task progress, and scale the chart to browse a project that spans any time period.

Refer to the following tutorial to create your first Gantt control-based application: Getting Started


The control includes the following Views: Chart, Timeline, and Resource Sheet.


The Chart View allows users to browse a project and track its progress. The View consists of a chart and task sheet.

The Chart View

You can scroll the chart to find a task or zoom the chart in or out to browse your project in different timescales.

Refer to the following topic for more information: Chart Runtime Customization


The Timeline View displays all tasks in chronological order and shows the duration of tasks (from hours to years).

The Timeline View

You can choose a timescale and adjust the width of its cells to browse your project over different time periods.

Resource Sheet

The Resource Sheet View allows you to specify resources required for a task (people, materials, or expenses).

The Resource Sheet View


The VCL Gantt Control supports the following task types:

Task Types

A simple task that defines steps necessary to reach project goals.
Summary task
A top-level task that allows you to group related subtasks.
A task with a zero duration. You can use this task to mark important dates.

A user can also choose between automatic and manual scheduling modes for tasks.


A user can specify how soon a task can start or finish. The following constraints are available:

  • As Soon As Possible
  • As Late As Possible
  • Must Start On
  • Must Finish On
  • Start No Earlier Than
  • Start No Later Than
  • Finish No Earlier Than
  • Finish No Later Than


Dependencies allow a user to define when a task should begin or end in relation to another task.

A Dependency

A task that depends on another task’s completion is a successor task. A task that defines when a dependent task should start or finish is a predecessor task. A task can have one or more dependencies.

A user can choose any of the following dependencies:

  • FF (Finish-to-Finish)
  • FS (Finish-to-Start)
  • SF (Start-to-Finish)
  • SS (Start-to-Start)

Chart Import and Export

The Chart View allows you to import and export its content as follows:

  • Load a chart from an XML file or stream

  • Save a chart to an XML file, stream, or image in any of the following formats: SVG, BMP, TIFF, PNG, JPEG, EMF, WMF, or GIF.

Read-Only Mode

In this mode, all data edit operations are restricted in the Chart and Resource Sheet Views.


The control has the standard calendar. In this calendar, a day spans from 8 AM to 5 PM and includes a one-hour lunch break at 12 PM.

You can also add the following calendars:

24 Hours
In this calendar, a day spans from 12 AM to 12 AM (the following day).
Night Shift
In this calendar, a day spans from 11 PM to 8 AM and includes a one-hour break at 3 AM.

Supported Render Modes

The Gantt control supports all render modes available for DevExpress VCL products:

DirectX Render Mode
This render mode uses parallel calculations and utilizes a client machine’s integrated or discrete GPU to render content. This mode gives the most significant performance boost for graphics-rich applications in high-DPI environments but has a number of limitations, such as incompatibility with the GDI Scaled mode. Refer to the DirectX mode description for detailed information.
GDI+ Render Mode
This render mode is designed for graphics-intense controls that display multiple semitransparent shapes, images, and inscriptions. Use this render mode for the Gantt control if DirectX® render mode limitations prevent you from using it in your project.
GDI Render Mode
The basic render mode available for all VCL DevExpress controls.

Undo/Redo History

All operations applied to content are stored in action history. A user can press Ctrl+Z or Ctrl+Y to cancel changes applied to the control or re-apply canceled changes.