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Grid View

  • 8 minutes to read

The GridView control allows you to display data from a data source in a grid. The grid displays data source fields and records as columns and rows in a table.

ASPxGridView is the GridView Control on the server side, and ASPxClientGridView is its client-side equivalent.

GridView Control


Data Binding

The control works only in bound mode. You can bind the grid to any standard data source type: SqlDataSource, ObjectDataSource, XmlDataSource, AccessDataSource, and SiteMapDataSource.

Use the KeyFieldName property to set a data source’s key field name. DataSourceID and DataSource specify the data source’s ID and data source object.

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Database Server Mode

The grid supports database server mode. In this mode, the grid loads only required items to the server memory and implements data-aware operations (for example, filtering) at the database level.

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Unbound Columns

The grid control supports unbound columns that are not bound to any data source field. Use the CustomUnboundColumnData event or specify the UnboundExpression property to populate an unbound column with data.

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Data Editing

Edit Modes

The grid includes the following built-in edit modes that allow users to edit grid data (Mode):

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Edit Form Template

You can use any controls to create a custom layout for the edit form.

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Edit Form Layout

The EditFormLayoutProperties property allows you to customize the edit form layout.

See demo

Column Management

The grid control displays data in a table format. Data sources contain data as fields and records. The grid control displays data fields as columns and records as data rows.

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Resize Columns

You can resize a column header to modify the column’s width (SettingsResizing).

GridView - ResizeColumns

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Move Columns

The grid control supports drag-and-drop functionality that allows you to move a column to a different position. You can use the AllowDragDrop property to allow users to move all grid columns or a column’s Settings.AllowDragDrop property to enable drag and drop for an individual column.

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Header and Data Cell Bands

The grid control enables you to organize columns in logical groups (bands) and display them in multiple rows. Header bands (GridViewBandColumn) organize grid columns into logical groups and display hierarchical multi-row headers.

GridView - Header and Data Cell Bands

See demo

Data cell bands (Columns) allow you to display a data record hierarchically. Specify the CellRowSpan and CellRowSpan properties to arrange a column header and data cells in a data cell band layout.

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Fixed Columns

The grid allows you to fix columns on the left side and display these columns onscreen when the columns’ total width exceeds the grid width. To fix a column, enable horizontal scroll (HorizontalScrollBarMode) and set the column’s FixedStyle property to Left.

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Truncate Cell Text

The grid can truncate cell values and display an ellipsis (‘…’) if they don’t fit the cell width (AllowEllipsisInText).

See demo

Data Management

Sort Data

You can sort grid data by an unlimited number of columns. Use a column’s AllowSort property or the grid’s AllowSort option to allow users to sort the specified column or all columns in the grid.

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Filter Data

You can use the following UI elements to filter grid data:

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Group Data

The grid enables users to use drag-and-drop operations (ShowGroupPanel) or APIs to group data against an unlimited number of data columns. Use a column’s AllowGroup property or the grid’s AllowGroup option to allow end users to group the specified column or all columns in the grid.

See demo

The GroupInterval property enables you to change how data rows are grouped, especially for columns that contain date/time values.

See demo

The grid allows you to group data by multiple columns at once and combine them into a single group (MergeGroupsMode).

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Data Summary

The grid allows you to display a brief description about groups of rows or individual data columns (summaries) in the footer (ShowFooter). The following summary types are available:

  • Total Summary - Add the ASPxSummaryItem object(s) to the TotalSummary collection.

  • Group Summary - Add the ASPxSummaryItem object(s) to the GroupSummary collection.

  • Custom Summary - Set the SummaryType property to SummaryItemType.Custom and handle the ASPxGridBase.CustomSummaryCalculate event to calculate the custom summary.

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Master-Detail Grid

The grid supports master-detail data. You can link a master table to multiple detail tables. Each detail table can be the master of another table.

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You can validate data in grid data rows and display error icons/messages for invalid fields.

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The grid allows you to export data in the following formats: PDF, XLS, XLSX, RTF, CSV, DOCX.

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Merged Cells

The grid can automatically merge adjacent cells with the same values (ASPxGridViewBehaviorSettings.AllowCellMerge, GridViewDataColumnSettings.AllowCellMerge).

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You can use the UI elements (AllowSelectByRowClick, ShowSelectCheckbox, ShowSelectButton, SelectAllCheckboxMode) or APIs on the client and server side to select grid data.

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Built-In Pager

The grid includes a built-in pager (SettingsPager) that enables users to navigate through data. The pager consists of navigation buttons: “next”, “last”, “previous”, “first”, and “All”.

See demo

Set the Mode property to EndlessPaging to enable endless paging mode, which enables you to load grid rows on demand when a user scrolls the grid.

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Scroll Data

Use the HorizontalScrollBarMode and VerticalScrollBarMode properties to enable the horizontal and vertical scroll bars.

See demo

The grid supports virtual paging mode (VerticalScrollBarStyle), which allows users to use the vertical scroll bar to navigate through grid pages.

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Keyboard Navigation

Built-in keyboard support allows you to use the keyboard to navigate the grid (KeyboardSupport).

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Row Management

Alternate Row

You can highlight alternate (odd) grid rows with a different style (Enabled).

See demo

Preview Row

A preview row displays large memo fields or custom data across all grid columns (ShowPreview, PreviewFieldName).

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Grid Lines

The grid allows you to display horizontal and/or vertical grid lines (GridLines).

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Focused Row

You can focus a row in the grid. Note that you can select multiple records simultaneously, but you can focus only one record at a time.

Learn more | See demo | Learn more

Customization Tools


The toolbar enables you to group grid commands. The grid stores toolbars (GridViewToolbar) in its Toolbars collection. You can add or remove toolbars, change their availability and position, and populate them with toolbar items (GridViewToolbarItem).

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Customization Dialog

The customization dialog enables users to sort, group, filter, and hide/show columns in the grid on mobile devices.

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Context Menu

The grid includes the following context menu types (Enabled):

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Column Chooser

The column chooser allows users to drag column headers to show/hide columns in the grid (EnableCustomizationWindow).

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The grid allows you to build adaptive or responsive page layouts. The control can automatically resize or hide its elements when a user resizes the browser window (SettingsAdaptivity).

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Appearance Customization


The grid supports templates and allows you to customize its UI elements’ appearance and layout.

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Conditional Formatting

You can apply format rules (GridFormatConditionBase object descendants) to the grid (FormatConditions) to customize the appearance of the grid’s data.

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The grid supports cookies that allow your site’s visitors to personalize pages. If cookies are enabled, the browser saves grid options that can be restored in future sessions.

Save and Restore Layout

You can save the grid’s layout to a database and then restore it.

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Accessibility Support

The grid is designed to comply with Section 508 Standards and W3C’s latest accessibility recommendations such as WCAG (2.0) and WAI-ARIA (1.0). The control implements the AccessibilityCompliant property that allows more accessible markup to be generated for the control.

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See Also