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Rows and Columns in Spreadsheet Documents

  • 2 minutes to read

Worksheet cells are organized into 1,048,576 rows and 16,384 columns. The number of rows and columns is permanently fixed.

Rows and columns have headings in a worksheet (rows are numbered - “1”, “2”, “3”,…, “1048576”, and columns are lettered - “A”, “B”, “C”,…,”XFD”). You can hide or show these row and column headings via the WorksheetView.ShowHeadings property. An end-user can select an entire row or column by clicking the corresponding row or column heading.


All worksheet rows and columns are stored in the RowCollection and ColumnCollection objects, which you can access via the Worksheet.Rows and Worksheet.Columns properties. The Row and Column objects specify an individual row or column, respectively. Use the properties and methods of these objects to manage worksheet rows and columns.






Provide access to an individual row or column by its heading (Row.Heading or Column.Heading) or index (Row.Index or Column.Index ).

How to: Access a Row or Column

RowCollection.Insert, Row.Insert

ColumnCollection.Insert, Column.Insert

Insert new rows and columns into a worksheet.

How to: Add a New Row or Column to a Worksheet


Copies a row or column.

How to: Copy a Row or Column

RowCollection.Remove, Row.Delete

ColumnCollection.Remove, Column.Delete

Remove specified rows and columns from a worksheet.

How to: Delete a Row or Column from a Worksheet



Control row or column visibility in a worksheet.

How to: Show or Hide a Row or Column

Worksheet.FreezeRows, Worksheet.FreezeColumns

Worksheet.FreezePanes, Worksheet.UnfreezePanes

Freeze and unfreeze rows and columns at the top and on the left side of the worksheet.

How to: Freeze and Unfreeze Rows and Columns

Row.Height, CellRange.RowHeight, Worksheet.DefaultRowHeight

Column.Width, Column.WidthInCharacters, Column.WidthInPixels

CellRange.ColumnWidth, CellRange.ColumnWidthInCharacters

Worksheet.DefaultColumnWidth, Worksheet.DefaultColumnWidthInCharacters, Worksheet.DefaultColumnWidthInPixels

Row.AutoFit, Column.AutoFit

Specify row height and column width in a worksheet.

How to: Specify Row Height or Column Width

See Also