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Get Started with DevExpress Data Form for .NET MAUI

  • 7 minutes to read

The DataFormView component allows you to quickly generate an edit form for your data object. This document includes step-by-step instructions on how to add a DevExpress Data Form to your .NET MAUI application, and an overview of the component’s features.

Create a Project

Do the following to create a new project:

  1. In Visual Studio 2022, create a new .NET MAUI project. Name it DataFormExample.

    If the wizard does not propose a template for .NET MAUI projects, you can call the following command in a CLI to create a new .NET MAUI project:

    dotnet new maui -n DataFormExample
    
  2. Register the following NuGet feed in Visual Studio: https://nuget.devexpress.com/free/api. See the following topic for information on how to add the DevExpress NuGet feed to Visual Studio: Get Started with DevExpress Controls for .NET Multi-platform App UI (.NET MAUI).

    If you are an active DevExpress Universal customer, DevExpress Controls for .NET MAUI are available in your personal NuGet feed.

  3. Install the DevExpress.Maui.Editors package from this feed.

Note

DevExpress Data Form for .NET MAUI supports iOS and Android. The project should only contain these platforms.

Add a Data Form View to the Main Page

In the MauiProgram.cs file, call the UseDevExpress method to register a handler for the DataFormView class.

using Microsoft.Maui;
using Microsoft.Maui.Controls.Hosting;
using Microsoft.Maui.Hosting;
using DevExpress.Maui;

namespace DataFormExample {
    public static class MauiProgram {
        public static MauiApp CreateMauiApp() {
            var builder = MauiApp.CreateBuilder();
            builder
                .UseMauiApp<App>()
                .UseDevExpress()
                .ConfigureFonts(fonts =>
                {
                    fonts.AddFont("OpenSans-Regular.ttf", "OpenSansRegular");
                });
            return builder.Build();
        }
    }
}

Do the following in the MainPage.xaml file:

  1. Define the dxdf XAML namespace that refers to the DevExpress.Maui.DataForm CLR namespace.
  2. Remove the default content and add an instance of the DataFormView class to the page. Remove the default content’s event handlers in the code-behind. We recommend that you remove the default styles (fonts, colors, and other settings) in the App.xaml file.
<ContentPage xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/dotnet/2021/maui"
             xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2009/xaml"
             xmlns:dxdf="clr-namespace:DevExpress.Maui.DataForm;assembly=DevExpress.Maui.Editors"
             x:Class="CollectionViewGetStarted.MainPage"
             BackgroundColor="{DynamicResource PageBackgroundColor}">
    <dxdf:DataFormView/>
</ContentPage>

Populate the View With Data

Declare the PersonalInfo sample class that defines data to be edited in a data form.

namespace DataFormExample {
    public class PersonalInfo {
        public string FirstName { get; set; }
        public string LastName { get; set; }
        public DateTime BirthDate { get; set; }
        public virtual Gender Gender { get; set; }
        public string Password { get; set; }
        public string Email { get; set; }
        public string Phone { get; set; }
    }
    public enum Gender { Female, Male, RatherNotSay }
}

Assign a PersonalInfo object to the DataFormView.DataObject property.

dataForm.DataObject = new PersonalInfo();

The data form detects all property types for the bound data object. It then displays the appropriate editor (based on each type) with the property name as the label.

Data Form

Assign Data Editors

Assign the following editors to PersonalInfo object properties:

  • PasswordEdit—to the Password property.
  • TextEdit with a specified input mask and Telephone keyboard—to the Phone property.

Apply attributes to the PersonalInfo class properties in C# code, or set up data form item objects in XAML markup.

Use Attributes

  1. Place the DataFormPasswordEditor attribute before the Password property declaration.
  2. Place the DataFormMaskedEditor attribute with the specified Mask and Keyboard parameters before the Phone property declaration.
using DevExpress.Maui.DataForm;
// ... 

namespace DataFormExample {
    public class PersonalInfo {
        public string FirstName { get; set; }
        public string LastName { get; set; }
        public DateTime BirthDate { get; set; }
        public virtual Gender Gender { get; set; }

        [DataFormPasswordEditor]
        public string Password { get; set; }

        public string Email { get; set; }

        [DataFormMaskedEditor(Mask = "(000) 000-0000", Keyboard = "Telephone")]
        public string Phone { get; set; }
    }
    public enum Gender { Female, Male, RatherNotSay }
}

Set Up Data Form Items

Add the following items to the data form’s Items collection:

Data Form

<dxdf:DataFormView x:Name="dataForm">
    <dxdf:DataFormPasswordItem FieldName="Password"/>
    <dxdf:DataFormMaskedItem FieldName="Phone" Mask="(000) 000-0000" Keyboard="Telephone"/>
</dxdf:DataFormView>

When you add data form items to the Items collection, specify the RowOrder property for these items to set their position. Otherwise, corresponding editors are located at the top of the data form.

See the following topic for more information: Data Editors in DevExpress Data Form for .NET MAUI.

Arrange Data Editors

Arrange data form editors and labels as follows:

  • Place editors bound to the data object’s FirstName and LastName properties in the first row.
  • Hide the Gender editor.
  • Replace text labels with icons.
  • Organize editors into two groups: Profile and Contact Info.
  • Specify the same header appearance for both groups.

Data Form

In XAML markup, use DataFormView properties to set the width and color of editor labels and specify group header appearance.

<dxdf:DataFormView x:Name="dataForm" 
                EditorLabelWidth="40"
                EditorLabelColor="Gray"
                GroupHeaderBackgroundColor="#e9e9e9"
                GroupHeaderTextColor="#f05b41">
    <!-- ... -->
</dxdf:DataFormView>

To specify the position, label icon and group name for each editor, apply attributes to the PersonalInfo class properties in C# code or set up data form item objects in XAML markup.

Use Attributes

  1. Use the DataFormItemPositionAttribute attribute with the specified RowOrder and ItemOrderInRow parameters to arrange editors.
  2. Use the DataFormDisplayOptionsAttribute attribute with the specified LabelIcon and GroupName parameters to set an editor label icon and place an editor in a group.
  3. For the PersonalInfo.Gender property, set the DataFormDisplayOptionsAttribute.IsVisible parameter to false to hide the corresponding editor on the form.
using DevExpress.Maui.DataForm;
// ... 

namespace DataFormExample {
    public class PersonalInfo {
        [DataFormItemPosition(RowOrder = 1, ItemOrderInRow = 1)]
        [DataFormDisplayOptions(LabelIcon = "editors_name", GroupName="Profile")]
        public string FirstName { get; set; }

        [DataFormItemPosition(RowOrder = 1, ItemOrderInRow = 2)]
        [DataFormDisplayOptions(IsLabelVisible = false, GroupName="Profile")]
        public string LastName { get; set; }

        [DataFormDisplayOptions(LabelIcon = "editors_birthdate", GroupName="Profile")]
        public DateTime BirthDate { get; set; }

        [DataFormDisplayOptions(IsVisible =false)]
        public virtual Gender Gender { get; set; }

        [DataFormPasswordEditor]
        [DataFormDisplayOptions(LabelIcon = "editors_password", GroupName="Profile")]
        public string Password { get; set; }

        [DataFormDisplayOptions(LabelIcon = "editors_email", GroupName="Contact Info")]
        public string Email { get; set; }

        [DataFormMaskedEditor(Mask = "(000) 000-0000", Keyboard = "Telephone")]
        [DataFormDisplayOptions(LabelIcon = "editors_phone", GroupName="Contact Info")]
        public string Phone { get; set; }
    }
    public enum Gender { Female, Male, RatherNotSay }
}

Set Up Data Form Items

  1. Populate the Items collection with data form items that correspond to the PersonalInfo class properties.
  2. Specify RowOrder/ItemOrderInRow, LabelIcon, and GroupName properties for each data form item.
  3. To hide the form’s Gender input field, set the IsVisible property to false for the data form item that corresponds to the PersonalInfo.Gender property.
<dxdf:DataFormView x:Name="dataForm" 
                   EditorLabelWidth="40"
                   GroupHeaderBackgroundColor="#e9e9e9"
                   GroupHeaderTextColor="#f05b41"
                   EditorLabelColor="Gray">
    <dxdf:DataFormTextItem FieldName="FirstName" 
                           RowOrder="1" 
                           ItemOrderInRow="1" 
                           LabelIcon="editors_name"
                           GroupName="Profile"/>
    <dxdf:DataFormTextItem FieldName="LastName" 
                           RowOrder="1" 
                           ItemOrderInRow="2"  
                           IsLabelVisible="False"
                           GroupName="Profile"/>
    <dxdf:DataFormDateItem FieldName="BirthDate" 
                           RowOrder="2" 
                           DisplayFormat="d" 
                           LabelIcon="editors_birthdate"
                           GroupName="Profile"/>
    <dxdf:DataFormComboBoxItem FieldName="Gender" 
                               IsVisible="False"/>
    <dxdf:DataFormPasswordItem FieldName="Password" 
                               RowOrder="3" 
                               LabelIcon="editors_password"
                               GroupName="Profile"/>
    <dxdf:DataFormTextItem FieldName="Email" 
                           RowOrder="4" 
                           LabelIcon="editors_email"
                           GroupName="Contact Info"/>
    <dxdf:DataFormMaskedItem FieldName="Phone" 
                             RowOrder="5" 
                             Mask="(000) 000-0000" 
                             Keyboard="Telephone" 
                             LabelIcon="editors_phone"
                             GroupName="Contact Info"/>

</dxdf:DataFormView>

See the following topic for more information: Layout in DevExpress Data Form for .NET MAUI.

Data Validation

Use the code below to check if a user entered a valid email address, check if a password meets a security policy, and make both of these fields required.

using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations;
// ... 

namespace DataFormExample {
    public class PersonalInfo {
        [EmailAddress(ErrorMessage = "Not valid email address")]
        [Required(ErrorMessage = "Required")]
        public string Email { get; set; }

        [StringLength(64, MinimumLength = 8, 
            ErrorMessage = "The password should contain at least 8 characters.")]
        [Required(ErrorMessage = "Required")]
        public string Password { get; set; }

        // ...
    }
}

Enable the data form to validate the user input when an editor loses focus.

Data Form

<dxdf:DataFormView x:Name="dataForm" 
                   ValidationMode="LostFocus">
    <!-- ... -->
</dxdf:DataFormView>

See the following topic for more information: Validate User Input in Data Form View for .NET MAUI.