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A data source collects underlying data and passes it to a data engine for aggregation and summarization before data analysis.
The following data source types are supported:
|SQL Data Source||Provides connections to SQL databases.||DashboardSqlDataSource|
|OLAP Data Source||Provides connections to an OLAP cube in the Microsoft Analysis Services database.||DashboardOlapDataSource|
|Microsoft Excel Workbooks/CSV Files||Retrieves data from Microsoft Excel workbooks (XLS, XLSX or XLSM), or from CSV files.||DashboardExcelDataSource|
|Entity Framework Data Source||You can connect to an Entity Framework data source defined within the current project or you can use an external assembly that contains the data context.||DashboardEFDataSource|
|Object Data Source||Retrieves data from a class in the current project.||DashboardObjectDataSource|
|Extract Data Source||A compressed snapshot of data from a regular data source. This data is contained in a local file and can be updated from the original data source at any time. You can also use an external SQL data source or Extract Data Source as an intermediate layer.||DashboardExtractDataSource|
|XPO Data Source||Allows you to obtain data that XPO (eXpress Persistent Objects) retrieves from a data source.||DashboardXpoDataSource|
|JSON Data Source||Allows you to extract JSON data from a Web-service endpoint URI, text file, or a string in JSON format.||DashboardJsonDataSource|
|Federated Data Source||Establishes relationships and combines data sources to provide uniform access. A federated data source does not support OLAP data sources.||DashboardFederationDataSource|
|MongoDB||Allows you to connect to a MongoDB instance and stores data in JSON-like documents.||DashboardMongoDBDataSource|
The DevExpress Dashboard uses database servers that can be configured to use case-sensitive table/column names. For this reason, a database scheme used in dashboards is case-sensitive to prevent any problem when the product is used with such servers.
SQL Data Source
To connect to SQL databases, install the data providers on the client machine or web server. The table below lists the supported SQL databases and data providers.
Relational Database System
.NET Framework Data Provider
.NET Standard 2.0 Data Provider
Microsoft SQL Server
2005 or higher
2005 Express or higher
Azure SQL Database
System.Data.dll (Included in .NET Framework)
Access 2000 or higher
Access 2007 or higher
Microsoft SQL Server CE
System.Data.SqlServerCe.dll (Included in .NET Framework)
9i or higher
Only legacy SQL functions and operations are supported
13.0 or higher
2.0 or higher
SAP Sybase Advantage
Advantage Database Server 9.1 or higher
SAP Sybase ASE
Sybase Adaptive Server 12.0 or higher
SAP SQL Anywhere
11 or higher
9.5 or higher
1.5 or higher, Dialect 3
4.1 or higher
9.x or higher
7.x or higher
4, 5, 6
You can prepare data in the Query Builder in the following ways:
- Join tables/views.
- Create additional columns using expressions.
- Pre-aggregate data.
- Filter data.
You can add calculated fields to this data source.
Create and configure the DashboardSqlDataSource object to bind a dashboard to an SQL database.
If you use a custom connection string, specify the XpoProvider parameter as described in the following topic: Custom Connection Strings for Data Sources.
OLAP Data Source
The Microsoft Analysis Services OLE DB and Microsoft ADOMD.NET providers should be installed on the client machine or web server. Refer to the following topic for more information: Data providers used for Analysis Services connections.
The following OLAP servers are supported:
- Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Analysis Services
- Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Analysis Services
- Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Analysis Services
- Microsoft SQL Server 2008 R2 Analysis Services
- Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Analysis Services (Multi-dimensional mode)
- Microsoft SQL Server 2014 Analysis Services (Multi-dimensional mode)
- Microsoft SQL Server 2016 Analysis Services (Multi-dimensional mode)
For .NET Core Dashboard, OLAP mode supports the following data providers:
You cannot filter the OLAP data source. Calculated fields are also not supported.
Create and configure the DashboardOlapDataSource object to bind a dashboard to an OLAP cube.
Microsoft Excel Workbooks/CSV Files
The following Microsoft Excel/text formats are supported:
You can filter the Excel data source and add calculated fields.
Create and configure the DashboardExcelDataSource object to bind a dashboard to an Excel workbook.
Entity Framework Data Source
The following Entity Framework versions are supported:
- Entity Framework 5.0 and higher.
- Entity Framework Core 1.0 and higher.
You can use stored procedures to select only required data from the Entity Framework data source.
Calculated fields are also supported.
Create and configure the DashboardEFDataSource object to bind a dashboard to an Entity Framework data source.
The DashboardEFDataSource should have a data provider to connect to a data source. For instance, install the System.Data.SQLite.EF6 data provider to connect to an SQLite database that uses Entity Framework 6.
Object Data Source
You can filter the Object data source and add calculated fields.
Create and configure the DashboardObjectDataSource object to bind a dashboard to an object data source.
Extract Data Source
The DevExpress Dashboard supports a compressed data snapshot from a regular data source (such as DashboardSqlDataSource, DashboardEFDataSource, and DashboardObjectDataSource). You can save a snapshot to a local file and update it from the original data source. An extracted data source can be used as a regular data source.
The data within the extract is optimized for data grouping and reduces the initial load time. You can use an in-memory cache (ExtractCacheOptions) to improve performance when accessing extract data.
You can add calculated fields to this data source.
Create and configure the DashboardExtractDataSource object to bind a dashboard to a data extract.
XPO Data Source
The XPO data source gets data from eXpress Persistent Objects.
You can filter the XPO data source and add calculated fields.
Create and configure the DashboardXpoDataSource object to bind a dashboard to eXpress Persistent Objects.
JSON Data Source
The JSON data source retrieves data from a Web-service endpoint, text file, or string in JSON format.
You can filter the JSON data source and add calculated fields.
Create and configure the DashboardJsonDataSource object to bind a dashboard to JSON-formatted data.
The DashboardJsonDataSource object requires the open source Newtonsoft.Json library. Install the Newtonsoft.Json NuGet package in Visual Studio.
Federated Data Source
You can create a query that combines data sources to provide uniform access. This query forms the federated data source, which operates with the source-specific query language, translates the queries, and processes the results to supply a dashboard with data. A federated data source does not support OLAP data sources.
You can filter the Federated data source and add calculated fields.
Create and configure the DashboardFederationDataSource object to bind a dashboard to a federated data source.
Create and configure a DashboardMongoDBDataSource object to bind a dashboard to MongoDB.
You can use MongoDB as the original data source to create an Extract database or a federated data source.
You can filter the MongoDB data source and add calculated fields.
The MongoDB.Driver package should be installed in your project to supply MongoDB data at runtime.