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Window Calculations

  • 6 min to read

Window calculations provide the capability to apply specific computations to measure values and allow you to perform different analytical tasks such as computing running totals, percentages of totals, differences, etc.

To create a window calculation, invoke the Binding menu and click the required measure. In the invoked data item menu, go to Calculations and select one of the available calculations.

WebDashboard_CalculationsMenu

  • Percent of Total - A calculation is used to compute a percentage of the total for the specified measure across a window.
  • Running Summary - Can be used to compute a cumulative total for the specified measure across a window.
  • Difference - Can be used to compute the difference between measure values across a window.
  • Percentage Difference - A calculation is used to compute the difference in percentages between measure values across a window.
  • Moving - The Moving calculation uses neighboring values to calculate a total.
  • Rank - Use the Rank calculation to compute rankings for the specified measure across a window.
  • Custom - Use Custom to specify a custom calculation by adding the required calculation functions inside the measure expression.

After you have selected the required calculation, you can change its default settings by clicking the Edit button (the wdd-icon-edit-collection-value-item icon). This invokes the window containing common and specific calculation settings.

Note

The dashboard control does not allow sorting by measures with applied Window Calculations since the calculation value can depend on the calculated element position.

Percent of Total

WebDashboard_Calculations_PercentOfTotalSettings

  • Window Definition specifies a window that limits measure values participating in a calculation. You can choose between the Predefined and Specific window definitions.

    • For the Predefined window definition, you can specify the Definition mode that depends on the dashboard item type.

    • For the Specific window definition, you can manually specify the set of dimensions that fall into the window.

  • Expression displays an expression generated for the current calculation. To change the expression, click Edit.

In the Grid below, Percent of Total is applied to a fourth column to show a contribution of individual quarterly sales to total sales.

WebDashboard_Calculations_PercentOfTotalExample

Running Summary

WebDashboard_Calculations_RunningSummarySettings

  • Window Definition specifies a window that limits measure values participating in a calculation. You can choose between the Predefined and Specific window definitions.

    • For the Predefined window definition, you can specify the Definition mode that depends on the dashboard item type.

    • For the Specific window definition, you can manually specify the set of dimensions that fall into the window.

  • Summary Type - Specifies a summary function used to apply a calculation.
  • The Expression displays an expression generated for the current calculation. To change the expression, click Edit.

In the Grid below, the Running Total is applied to a fourth column to display cumulative sales across all quarters.

WebDashboard_Calculations_RunningTotalExample

Difference

WebDashboard_Calculations_DifferenceSettings

  • Window Definition specifies a window that limits measure values participating in a calculation. You can choose between the Predefined and Specific window definitions.

    • For the Predefined window definition, you can specify the Definition mode that depends on the dashboard item type.

    • For the Specific window definition, you can manually specify the set of dimensions that fall into the window.

  • Target - Specifies the value used to calculate the difference. The following values are available: Previous, Next, First and Last.
  • Difference Type - Specifies whether the absolute or percentage difference is calculated.
  • Expression displays an expression generated for the current calculation. To change the expression, click Edit.

In the Grid below, the Difference is applied to a fourth column to show absolute differences between quarterly sales.

WebDashboard_Calculations_DifferenceExample

Percentage Difference

WebDashboard_Calculations_PercentageDifferenceSettings

  • Window Definition specifies a window that limits measure values participating in a calculation. You can choose between the Predefined and Specific window definitions.

    • For the Predefined window definition, you can specify the Definition mode that depends on the dashboard item type.

    • For the Specific window definition, you can manually specify the set of dimensions that fall into the window.

  • Target - Specifies the value used to calculate the difference. The following values are available: Previous, Next, First and Last.
  • Difference Type - Specifies whether the absolute or percentage difference is calculated.
  • Expression displays an expression generated for the current calculation. To change the expression, click Edit.

In the Grid below, Percentage Difference is applied to a fourth column to show percentage differences between quarterly sales.

WebDashboard_Calculations_PercentDifferenceExample

Moving

WebDashboard_Calculations_MovingSettings

  • Window Definition specifies a window that limits measure values participating in a calculation. You can choose between the Predefined and Specific window definitions.

    • For the Predefined window definition, you can specify the Definition mode that depends on the dashboard item type.

    • For the Specific window definition, you can manually specify the set of dimensions that fall into the window.

  • Summary Type - Specifies a summary function used to apply a calculation.
  • Start Offset/End Offset - Specify start/end offsets from the currently processed value. For instance, if you specified offsets as 1/1, the previous and next values will be used along with the current value to apply the Moving calculation.
  • The Expression displays an expression generated for the current calculation. To change the expression, click Edit.

In the Grid below, a Moving calculation is applied to a fourth column to show a moving average across all quarters.

WebDashboard_Calculations_MovingAverageExample

Rank

WebDashboard_Calculations_RankSettings

  • Window Definition specifies a window that limits measure values participating in a calculation. You can choose between the Predefined and Specific window definitions.

    • For the Predefined window definition, you can specify the Definition mode that depends on the dashboard item type.

    • For the Specific window definition, you can manually specify the set of dimensions that fall into the window.

  • Rank Type - Specifies the type of ranking. The following ranking types are available: Unique, Competition, Dense, Modified and Percentile.
  • Rank Order - Specifies the order of ranking. You can select Ascending or Descending.
  • The Expression displays an expression generated for the current calculation. To change the expression, click Edit.

In the Grid below, a Rank calculation is applied to a fourth column to show a ranking of sales for individual quarters.

WebDashboard_Calculations_RankExample

Custom

WebDashboard_Calculations_CustomSettings

  • Window Definition specifies a window that limits measure values participating in a calculation. You can choose between the Predefined and Specific window definitions.

    • For the Predefined window definition, you can specify the Definition mode that depends on the dashboard item type.

    • For the Specific window definition, you can manually specify the set of dimensions that fall into the window.

  • The Expression allows you to change the expression for the current measure. To change the expression, click Edit.