One of the main purposes of data grouping is calculating summaries corresponding to dimension values. For instance, you can sum values, determine the maximum, minimum, average value or count all the values.

To compute these summaries, the Dashboard uses a summary function calculated against the specified measure.

This topic describes how the Dashboard summarizes measure values by default and lists the available summary functions. You will also learn how to change the default summary type.

Note that the Dashboard was not developed to visualize the underlying data, but already grouped / summarized data . If necessary, you can obtain underlying data using a special API of the DashboardViewer or ASPxDashboard controls. To learn more, see the following topics.

For instance, you need to calculate a sum of sales for each dimension value. A sample underlying data source contains the following data.

If you use the *Category* field as a dimension and the *Sales* field as a measure with the **Sum** summary function, the Dashboard will sum all underlying data source values corresponding to 'Beverages' and 'Confections'.

If you use the **Max** summary function, the maximum value corresponding to each category will be selected.

The following summary functions are available.

Values **Null** and **DBNull** are excluded from calculations.

| The number of values. |

| The number of distinct values. |

| The sum of the values. |

| The smallest value. |

| The largest value. |

| The average of the values. |

| An estimate of the standard deviation of a population where the sample is a subset of the entire population. |

| The standard deviation of a population where the population is the entire data to be summarized. |

| An estimate of the variance of a population where the sample is a subset of the entire population. |

| The variance of a population where the population is the entire data to be summarized. |

| The |

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By default, the Dashboard calculates **Sum** for numeric measures and **Count** for measures that contain another type of data. You can change the summary function type in the Dashboard Designer and in code.

- To learn how to change the summary function type in the WinForms Designer, see WinForms Designer - Summarization.
- To learn how to change the summary function type in the Web Dashboard, see Web Dashboard - Summarization.

Note that changes to the summary type are not available in certain cases.

- You cannot change the summary function type in OLAP mode, because data in a cube is already grouped and summarized.
- Several summary types are not supported for specific data providers in server mode. To learn more, see Data Processing Modes.