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Introduction to Banded Reports

  • 4 min to read

A report layout consists of bands that contain report controls and define their location on document pages.

Report Bands

A blank report contains the following bands:

  • The Detail band is printed for every record in a data source unless you filtered the data.

    Every report should have the Detail band, and you cannot delete it.

  • The Top Margin and Bottom Margin bands. These bands are repeated once on every document page.

report-bands-design-time-default-layout

You can also add the following bands:

  • Report Header and Report Footer

    The Report Header is the report's first band (margins are "out-of-page" zones). Use this band to display the report's name, company logo, date of creation, username, etc.

    The Report Footer is placed before the Page Footer and Bottom Margin on the report's last page. You can use the Report Footer band for report summaries or conclusions.

  • Page Header and Page Footer

    These bands are at the top and bottom of every page in a report. They display information that should be printed on every page.

  • Group Header and Group Footer

    These bands are above and below each group. The Group and Sort Panel create these bands automatically.

Tip

Only the detail and group bands can be used to display dynamic data source contents. Other bands display titles, summaries, and extra information.

The following image illustrates a sample report layout and the Report Explorer that reflects the report's structure:

report-bands-basic-layout

Add a Detail Band to a Master-Detail Report

Use the Detail Report band to create hierarchical master-detail reports. Detail report bands provide detailed information about each record in the master report's Detail band (for example, orders shipped to each customer). You can create such reports when master-detail relationships are defined between data source tables:

master-detail-relation-editor-report-designer

The Detail Report band is a separate report (subreport) with its own data source and different bands. A report can have any number of detail reports that can also be nested.

The following image illustrates a master-detail report and the Report Explorer that reflects the report's structure:

report-bands-basic-layout-subreports

Vertical Bands

You can replace the Detail band with the Vertical Header, Vertical Detail and Vertical Total bands to display record fields vertically and print data records horizontally - from left to right (and vise versa if the report's RTL mode is enabled).

VerticalBands_Demo

To add vertical bands to your report, right-click the report in the Report Designer and choose Insert Vertical Band in the invoked context menu.

VerticalBands_UseContextMenu

Note

If your report's Detail band contains report controls, this band and all these controls are lost when you add a vertical band (the same behavior takes place in the opposite situation).

The following vertical bands are available:

  • Vertical Header
    Contains headers of the report's data fields. These headers are arranged vertically.
  • Vertical Details
    This band is printed for every record in a data source unless you filtered the data. The records are displayed one after another in a horizontal direction.
  • Vertical Total
    This band is placed at the rightmost position (leftmost when RTL is enabled). You can use the Vertical Total band for report summaries or conclusions.

You can use the Report Wizard to create a report with vertical bands. Refer to the Create a Vertical Report topic for instructions on how to create a report based on the Profit and Loss product demo.

Create Band Copies

You can create band copies, for example, to display different contents based on a specific condition. To do this, add sub-bands to bands.

report-bands-basic-layout-sub-bands

Tip

See Lay out Dynamic Report Contents for details on how to specify the location of bands' content on document pages.

Manage Report Bands

Hide Bands in the Report Designer

Click the arrow button on the band's title to collapse or expand the band.

report-bands-collapsing

Hide Bands in the Report Document

You can avoid printing a band's content in a document. To do this, set the band's Height property to a zero or its Visible property to false. Select the band and set these properties in the Properties window.

band-properties-in-property-grid

Remove Bands

Select a band on the report design surface and press DELETE. This removes the band and all its content.

Add Bands

To add a band, right-click a report's design surface and choose Insert Band in the invoked context menu.

report-bands-context-menu

You can insert the Detail Report band if the report's data source has master-detail relations.

add-band-relationship

Access the Bands Collection

Click the Edit and Reorder Bands context link in a report's smart tag to access the report's bands collection.

report-bands-collection-report-smart-tag

This command is also available in a band's context and smart tag menus.

report-bands-collection-band-smart-tag