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Document Properties

  • 4 minutes to read

RichEditControl allows you to provide a document with additional information about its author, title, editor, etc. These details are represented by document properties - metadata stored with the document.

Standard ECMA-376 (Edition 1) divides document properties into three categories: Core, Extended, and Custom. Rich Text Editor recognizes Core properties as the document’s built-in properties, and both Extended and Custom properties - as custom properties. Document metadata is accessible both in code and in the User Interface.

Built-In Properties

Built-in document properties are represented by the DocumentProperties instance. To set these attributes, use the following API.

Member Description
SubDocument.BeginUpdate Enables document modification.
Document.DocumentProperties Provides access to the document properties collection.
SubDocument.EndUpdate Finishes the document update.

This code snippet demonstrates how to set standard document properties with the Document.DocumentProperties property and show them in a document using specific fields.

View Example


document.DocumentProperties.Creator = "John Doe";
document.DocumentProperties.Title = "Inserting Custom Properties";
document.DocumentProperties.Category = "TestDoc";
document.DocumentProperties.Description = "This code demonstrates API to modify and display standard document properties.";

document.Fields.Create(document.AppendText("\nAUTHOR: ").End, "AUTHOR");
document.Fields.Create(document.AppendText("\nTITLE: ").End, "TITLE");
document.Fields.Create(document.AppendText("\nCOMMENTS: ").End, "COMMENTS");
document.Fields.Create(document.AppendText("\nCREATEDATE: ").End, "CREATEDATE");
document.Fields.Create(document.AppendText("\nCategory: ").End, "DOCPROPERTY Category");

Built-in Properties in Different Formats

The table below highlights what built-in document properties supported in different formats.

Application yes yes yes yes yes no
AppVersion yes yes yes yes yes no
Category yes yes yes yes no no
ContentStatus yes no yes no no no
ContentType yes no no no no no
Company yes yes yes yes yes no
Created yes yes yes yes yes no
Creator yes yes yes yes yes no
Description yes yes yes yes yes no
Identifier yes no no no no no
Keywords yes yes yes yes yes no
Language yes no yes no no no
LastModifiedBy yes yes yes yes yes no
LastPrinted yes yes yes yes yes no
Manager yes yes yes yes yes no
Modified yes yes yes yes yes no
Revision yes yes yes yes yes no
Subject yes yes yes yes yes no
Template yes yes yes yes yes no
Title yes yes yes yes yes yes
Version yes no yes no no no

Custom Properties

Custom properties in the RichEditControl document are represented by the DocumentCustomProperties instance. The API from the table below allows you to set the custom properties for your document.

Member Description
SubDocument.BeginUpdate Enables document modification.
Document.CustomProperties Provides access to the collection of custom document properties.
DocumentCustomProperties.Add Adds new custom property with the given name and value to the document collection.
DocumentCustomProperties.Item Sets the value of the custom property. If the property with the specified name does not exist, RichEditControl creates it automatically.
SubDocument.EndUpdate Finishes the document update.

The following code illustrates how to create custom document properties and place them in the document’s storage. The DOCVARIABLE field is used to display property values in the document. The DocumentPropertyDisplayHelper is a custom class that helps to obtain a property value.

View Example

    document.AppendText("A new value of MyBookmarkProperty is obtained from here: NEWVALUE!\n");
    document.Bookmarks.Create(document.FindAll("NEWVALUE!", SearchOptions.CaseSensitive)[0], "bmOne");
    document.AppendText("\nMyNumericProperty: ");
    document.Fields.Create(document.Range.End, "DOCVARIABLE CustomProperty MyNumericProperty");
    document.AppendText("\nMyStringProperty: ");
    document.Fields.Create(document.Range.End, "DOCVARIABLE CustomProperty MyStringProperty");
    document.AppendText("\nMyBooleanProperty: ");
    document.Fields.Create(document.Range.End, "DOCVARIABLE CustomProperty MyBooleanProperty");
    document.AppendText("\nMyBookmarkProperty: ");
    document.Fields.Create(document.Range.End, "DOCVARIABLE CustomProperty MyBookmarkProperty");

    document.CustomProperties["MyNumericProperty"] = 123.45;
    document.CustomProperties["MyStringProperty"] = "The Final Answer";
    document.CustomProperties["MyBookmarkProperty"] = document.Bookmarks[0];
    document.CustomProperties["MyBooleanProperty"] = true;

    document.CalculateDocumentVariable += DocumentPropertyDisplayHelper.OnCalculateDocumentVariable;
class DocumentPropertyDisplayHelper
    public static void OnCalculateDocumentVariable(object sender, DevExpress.XtraRichEdit.CalculateDocumentVariableEventArgs e)
        if (e.Arguments.Count == 0 || e.VariableName != "CustomProperty")
        string name = e.Arguments[0].Value;
        var customProperty = ((DevExpress.Xpf.RichEdit.RichEditControl)sender).Document.CustomProperties[name];
        if (customProperty != null)
            e.Value = customProperty.ToString();
        e.Handled = true;


To check what document properties are going to be exported, use the ExportedDocumentProperties property.

Document Properties in the User Interface

End-users can specify both built-in and custom properties using the Document Properties Dialog (invoked from the File ribbon tab). To provide the application with the Ribbon UI, refer to the Lesson 5 - Create Separate Ribbon Pages for a Rich Text Editor topic.


The Statistics dialog tab displays document properties that are updated automatically. You can specify the DXRichEditBehaviorOptions.DocumentPropertiesAutoUpdate property to control these properties’ update.